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參照案例法,章穎穎被謀殺死亡已經證明無疑beyond reasonable doubt

作者:fighter8  於 2019-6-22 03:14 發表於 最熱鬧的華人社交網路--貝殼村

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庭審檢方的呈堂供證已經結束。章穎穎被預謀殺害死亡已經證據確鑿,證明無疑, proven beyond reasonable doubt.

藤森原本計劃要殺人脫罪的,為什麼自己主動承認殺了章?要知道在法律上, admission is the best evidence,只要沒有能夠證明與嫌犯承認的事實相反的證據,法庭就必須採納這個承認的殺人事實。看完檢方證據,才知道他不承認也枉然,檢方證據確鑿,即使沒有屍體,根據美國案例法,這些證據已經能夠充分證明他謀殺致死了章。先看以下這個案例,非常接近章案。兩個人謀殺了同事,扔了屍體找不到。警方根據目擊者證詞和法醫證據,這個法醫證據是這兩人的車上的一個座位上有失蹤者足夠的血跡證明如果他沒有得到及時救治的話就只能是已經死亡了。

In 2000, prosecutors in Orange County, New York, secured that jurisdiction's first-ever bodyless murder conviction. Gregory Chrysler and Lawrence Weygant were found guilty of beating Dominick Pendino, a coworker they mistakenly believed had given police the tip that had led to their arrest on drug-dealing charges, to death with a baseball bat and disposing of his body. They relied on eyewitness testimony from a former girlfriend and police informant, as well as forensic evidence showing that enough of Pendino's blood stained a car seat for him to have died without immediate medical attention.[18] Neither the body nor the bat have been discovered: Chrysler and Weygant remain in prison and have rebuffed efforts to elicit the body's location from them.

再看章案,法醫在藤森的浴室里,房間里床墊上還有車上都發現章的DNA和大量血跡。有的是沒有被洗乾淨的血跡,如床墊上的,有的是被清洗過的但是被用一種化學製劑驗出來的血跡。這種化學實驗是被司法系統認可的可靠證據方式。所有這些血跡加起來可不僅僅是stained a car seat
那麼一點點,而是這麼大量大面積,一個人出血到這個程度必死無疑,且是基本當場死亡的。

而且這些證據恰好coraborate了藤森對他女朋友的殺人過程自述--他是先在房間強暴了章然後帶她去浴室在那裡用棒球棍打擊她的頭,最後砍下她的頭的。浴室牆上的血跡顯示,這不是呈點滴狀濺出來的小量血,而是象水龍頭那樣噴射出來的血,大面積到覆蓋了牆壁。他是在章還活著時砍下她的頭顱的,只有活人的血才可能這樣噴射出來。藤森自己說的也是他在章還活著時砍下她的頭的。他對女朋友說他先在房間里掐她脖子,可是他奇怪怎麼掐了十分鐘都沒死,就帶她到浴室去殺。(那時候他頭腦還相當清醒,想到在浴室砍殺血跡容易清洗。)然後他用棒球棍打她的頭還沒死,他就把頭砍下來了,對女朋友說到此他還居然笑起來了。。。沒有人性恐怖的魔鬼。

林俊在加拿大被白人罪犯砍頭分屍,當時就有加拿大法醫專科網友評論說,根據視頻,林俊的頭在被砍下5分鐘后還活著。章妹妹呢?一個中國的花季女孩就這麼看著自己被這麼殘忍地殺死了。。。那個時刻會是怎樣的恐懼和絕望。

所以根據案例法,藤森謀殺致死章已經被承認和被證明,鐵證如山beyong reasonable doubt. 現在恐怕他努力的目標是免予死刑。我呼籲所有華人,加強關注和輿論力度。如果他得到輕判,下一個可能就是你們家的李穎穎王穎穎了。。。

以下是另外一個案例,某人殺了女朋友,沒有找到屍體,僅憑她女朋友的血跡大量發現在他的床墊上,他就被判謀殺罪了。

In 2007 in Omaha, Nebraska, Christopher Edwards was convicted of murdering his girlfriend Jessica O'Grady, whose body has never been found. His mattress was soaked with her blood.

In 2008, Hans Reiser was convicted of first degree murder of his wife, Nina Reiser. After conviction and before sentencing, Reiser pleaded guilty to the lesser charge of second degree murder in exchange for disclosing the location of his wife's body.[22]


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回復 fighter8 2019-6-22 05:32
重發我兩年前的舊文以做答覆:

章瑩穎案 受害人沒找到就不能起訴謀殺罪 一說沒有法律根據

看到華人媒體出現了一種理論稱 :

章瑩穎案,目前情況並不是特別樂觀:i受害人沒找到,不能起訴「謀殺罪」。。。因
為美國遵守疑罪從無原則,即公訴人不能提出確實充分的證據證實被告人的罪行,法庭
經過庭審和補充也不能查明被告人有罪的事實,那麼就只能判定被告人無罪。目前FBI
手頭沒有足夠多的證據控告Christensen有謀殺瑩穎的嫌疑,儘管聯邦執法人員對嫌疑
人進行了竊聽,但就目前公開的證據來看,只能起訴犯罪嫌疑人「綁架罪」。

考據起來,這好像是從檢方傳出來,並且得到章YY家華人律師贊同的。這很值得華人社
區警惕。

事實上, no body, no murder,這早已經是久遠的法律歷史。隨著科技發展,兇嫌們
毀屍滅跡或者完全掩蓋的本領越來越高,西方世界從上個世紀50年代起就開拋棄了這個
理論。當代法律僅僅需要環境證據circumstantial evidence,就可以證明某人已經死
亡。當然,受害人還活著的可能性存在,但是極小的比例。為此這類謀殺案都不會直接
對謀殺罪成的罪犯施行死刑。

在這裡看以下2000年以來的案子,好幾個案子的犧牲者屍體都從來沒有被發現:

In 2000, prosecutors in Orange County, New York, secured that jurisdiction's
first-ever bodyless murder conviction. Gregory Chrysler and Lawrence
Weygant were found guilty of beating Dominick Pendino, a coworker they
mistakenly believed had given police the tip that had led to their arrest on
drug-dealing charges, to death with a baseball bat and disposing of his
body. They relied on eyewitness testimony from a former girlfriend and
police informant, as well as forensic evidence showing that enough of
Pendino's blood stained a car seat for him to have died without immediate
medical attention.[18] Neither the body nor the bat have been discovered:
Chrysler and Weygant remain in prison and have rebuffed efforts to elicit
the body's location from them.

In June 2001, Essex teenager Danielle Jones went missing and despite a body
never being found, the required circumstantial evidence was provided by
forensic analysis of text messages sent by the accused, her uncle Stuart
Campbell, who was convicted of her murder 18 months later. Police determined
that Campbell had sent text messages from Danielle's mobile phone to his
own after she disappeared, to make it appear that she was still alive, and
noted that the spelling of several words in the text messages sent from
Danielle's mobile phone had changed after she was reported missing. Their
suspicions were also supported by mobile phone records which showed that
Campbell's mobile phone, and that of his missing niece, were within a short
distance of each other when the messages were sent.

In 2002, Girly Chew Hossencofft's husband and his mistress were convicted of
her murder, which occurred in 1999. Hossencofft's remains have never been
located.[19]

In spite of advances in forensic technology, the possibility of the supposed
victim turning up alive remains. In 2003, Leonard Fraser, having allegedly
confessed to the murder of teenager Natasha Ryan, was on trial for this, and
other murders, when she reappeared after having been missing for four years
.[20]

In 2006, prosecutors in Nashville, Tennessee, had Perry March arrested and
extradited from Mexico after he had been secretly indicted on charges of
murdering his wife Janet, who had disappeared in 1996. An attempt to have
March's in-laws killed while March was awaiting trial led to the arrest of
his father, who as part of a plea agreement confessed to burying his
daughter-in-law in a pile of brush near Bowling Green, Kentucky, but he was
unable to lead police to the body after the intervening nine years. Perry
March was convicted in 2006 almost ten years to the day after his wife
disappeared.

In the Australian no-body murder of Keith William Allan, evidence from
forensic accountants established a motive for his murder. The chance police
finding of one perpetrator driving Allan's car and the conduct of all
perpetrators, in particular mobile telephone records, were also important
factors in their conviction.[21]

In 2007 in Omaha, Nebraska, Christopher Edwards was convicted of murdering
his girlfriend Jessica O'Grady, whose body has never been found. His
mattress was soaked with her blood.

In 2008, Hans Reiser was convicted of first degree murder of his wife, Nina
Reiser. After conviction and before sentencing, Reiser pleaded guilty to the
lesser charge of second degree murder in exchange for disclosing the
location of his wife's body.[22]

參見 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_conviction_without_a_body
章妹妹,好好一個大活人,被綁架上了克里斯滕森的車,從此以後就人間蒸發了。從克
里斯滕森的條件看根本不可能秘密藏著一個大活人,從其車副駕駛座被特意清洗過,以
及章一上車就消失在車裡等等環境證據看,克里斯滕森對她已經使用了暴力,而且很嚴
重在車門上留下明顯痕迹。克里斯滕森自己如果又寧可被起訴謀殺都不肯供出章的所在
來換取低階的起訴,那肯定就是謀殺已經發生章已經沒有活著了。

又據說這些都是「環境證據」不算數。這也是特意對華人的忽悠。美國大多數的嚴重犯
罪都是靠環境證據贏得定罪的。比如O。J。湯普森案,起訴他的所有證據都是環境證據
。只不過是因為警察做弊企圖給他plant evidence被發現,使得檢方的整個起訴可信性
被有效質疑,審判被推翻而已。實際上也更因為那是一個大多數黑人的黑人陪審團。也
就是說,如果不是黑人陪審團,不是警察種植證據,湯普森本來完全可能被定罪謀殺的
。對此參見https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circumstantial_evidence#Validity_of_
circumstantial_evidence

我相信,克里斯滕森並不是為了性才綁架章YY的,而是一開始就是取其性命的動機。就
是又一起藍可兒案。

如果是為了性,視頻已經證明章已經自己主動上了車,這種情況下這已經被一般人視作
一種open to other possibility的暗示,因為在美國西方,年輕女性都被教育不能上
陌生人的車的。章案一發,就有不少西方人在質疑章為何要上陌生人的車,是否證明其
輕率等等。。。既然章已經上車,和平索取性就成為可能,要圖性至少按常理是藤森應
該有一個和平索取的過程。可是他卻第一時間對章使用了暴力。要說是為了綁架去蓄性
奴,藤森也沒有這種條件。

所以,當藤森實施綁架時,他的目的只會是要取其性命。至於他為什麼要取其性命,留
待下一篇文章。

此案嫌犯被起訴,比起藍可兒案,2起滅門案等等來已經是華社一個重大成就。這個成
就肯定是梁警官案華人齊心協力共同鬥爭產生的積極結果。我們應該為此驕傲,我們的
鬥爭改變了自己的命運。請大家再接再厲,不要被忽悠,共同努力,取得章妹妹案的勝
利。否則,你我華人都會在某個時間成為不同嫌犯的「最理想受害人」。

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